Mobbs, D., Adolphs, R., Fanselow, M.S., Barrett, L.F., LeDoux, J.E., Ressler, K., Tye, K.M. (2019) Viewpoints: Approaches to defining and investigating fear. Nat Neurosci., 22, 1205-1216.

Fanselow, M.S., Hoffman, A.N., & Zhuravka I. (2019) Timing and the Transition Between Modes in the Defensive Behavior System. Behav Processes. 2019 Jun 26:103890. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2019.103890. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 31254627.

Craske, M.G*., Fanselow, M.*, Treanor, M., Bystritksy A. (2019) Cholinergic Modulation of Exposure Disrupts Hippocampal Processes and Augments Extinction: Proof-of-Concept Study With Social Anxiety Disorder. Biol Psychiatry, pii: S0006-3223(19)31280-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.04.012. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 31174846. *=co-first authors

Conoscenti, M. A. & Fanselow, M. S. (2019) Dissociation in Effective Treatment and Behavioral Phenotype Between Stress-Enhanced Fear Learning and Learned Helplessness. Front. Behav. Neurosci., 13, 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00104184 Https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00104

Nagai, J., Rajbhandari, A.K., Gangwani, M.R., Hachisuka, A., Coppola, G., Masmanidis, S.C., Fanselow, M.S., & Khakh, B.S. (2019) Hyperactivity with Disrupted Attention by Activation of an Astrocyte Synaptogenic Cue. Cell, 177, 1280-1292.

Hersman, S., Hoffman, A. N., Hodgins, L., Shieh, S., Lam, J., Parikh, A., & Fanselow, M. S. (2019) Cholinergic Signaling Alters Stress-Induced Sensitization of Hippocampal Contextual Learning. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 13:251. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00251

Tribble, J.E., & Fanselow, M.S. (2019). Pair-housing rats does not protect from behavioral consequences of an acute traumatic experience. Behav Neurosci., 133, 232-239.

Conoscenti, M.A., Williams, N.M., Turcotte, L.P., Minor, T.R., & Fanselow, M.S. (2019) Post-Stress Fructose and Glucose Ingestion Exhibit Dissociable Behavioral and Physiological Effects. Nutrients, 11, E361. doi: 10.3390/nu11020361.


Sah, P., Fanselow, M., Quirk, G.J., Hattie, J., Mattingley, J., & Tokuhama-Espinosa, T. (2018) The nature and nurture of education. NPJ Sci Learn., 3: doi: 10.1038/s41539-018-0023-z.

Rajbhandari, A.K., Gonzalez, S.T., Fanselow, M.S. (2018) Stress-Enhanced Fear Learning, a Robust Rodent Model of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. J. Vis. Exp. (140). doi: 10.3791/58306.

Fanselow, M. S. (2018) The role of learning in threat imminence and defensive behaviors. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 24: 44–49.

Fanselow, M. S. (2018) Emotion, motivation and function. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 19:105–109.

Mather, M. & Fanselow, M. S. (2018) Editorial overview: Interactions between Emotion and Cognition. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 19:iv–vi.


Arnaudova, I., Kindt, M., Fanselow,M. & Beckers, T. (2017) Pathways towards the proliferation of avoidance in anxiety and implications for treatment. Behavior Research & Therapy, 96, 3-13.

Lotfipour, S., Mojica, C., Nakauchi, S., Lipovsek, M., Silverstein, S., Cushman, J., Tirtorahardjo, J., Poulos, A., Elgoyhen, A.B., Sumikawa, K., Fanselow, M.S., & Boulter, J. (2017) α2* Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors influence hippocampus-dependent learning and memory in adolescent mice. Learn Mem., 24, 231-244.

Hersman, S., Cushman, J., Lemelson, N., Wassum, K., Lotfipour, S., & Fanselow, M.S. (2017) Optogenetic excitation of cholinergic inputs to hippocampus primes future contextual fear associations. Sci Rep., 7, 2333.

Culver, N. C., Stevens, S., Fanselow, M.S., & Craske, M.G. (2017) Building physiological toughness: Some aversive events during extinction may attenuate return of fear. J. Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 58, 18-28.

Lin, Q., Ponnusamy, R., Widagdo, J., Choi, J.A., Ge, W., Probst, C., Buckley, T., Lou, M., Bredy, T. W., Fanselow, M. S., Ye, K., & Sun, Y. E. (2017) MicroRNA-mediated disruption of dendritogenesis during a critical period of development influences cognitive capacity later in life. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U S A), 114, 9188-9193.

Pennington, Z. T., Anderson, A. S., & Fanselow, M. S. (2017) The ventromedial prefrontal cortex in a model of traumatic stress: fear inhibition or contextual processing? Learn. Mem., 24, 400-406.

Rajbhandari, A.K., Tribble, J.E., & Fanselow, M.S. (2017) Neurobiology of Fear Memory. In: Sara, S.J. (ed.), Mechanisms of MemoryVol. 4 of Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, 2nd edition, Byrne, J.H. (ed.). pp. 487–503. Oxford: Academic Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.21100-0

Fanselow, M. S. & Pennington, Z. T. (2017) The Danger of LeDoux and Pine’s Two-System Framework for Fear. American Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 1120–1121

Ago, Y., Hayata-Takano, A., Kawanai, T., Yamauchi, R., Takeuchi, S., Cushman, J.D., Rajbhandari, A.K., Fanselow, M.S., Hashimoto, H., & Waschek, J.A. (2017) Impaired extinction of cued fear memory and abnormal dendritic morphology in the prelimbic and infralimbic cortices in VPAC2 receptor (VIPR2)-deficient mice. Neurobiol Learn Mem, 145, 222-231.

Fanselow, M,S., & Pennington, Z.T. (2017) A return to the psychiatric dark ages with a two-system framework for fear. Behav Res Ther. 2017 Nov 9;100:24-29.


Sah, P., Fanselow, M. S., Hattie, J., Magsamen, S., Mattingley, J., Quirk, G. & Williams, S. (2018) Integrating neuroscience and learning: now’s the time… (editorial) NPJ Science of Learning, 2016/05/11/online.

Rajbhandari ,A.K., Zhu, R., Adling, C., Fanselow, M.S., & Waschek, J. A. (2016) Graded fear generalization enhances the level of cfos-positive neurons specifically in the basolateral amygdala. J Neurosci Res., 94,1393-1399. PMCID 5069180

Luyten, L., Schroyens, N., Luyck, K., Fanselow, M., Beckers, T. (2016). No effect of glucose administration in a novel contextual fear generalization protocol in rats. Translational Psychiatry. e903; doi:10.1038/tp.2016.183 pp1-7.

Hornstein, E. A., Fanselow, M.S., & Eisenberger, N.I. (2016) A Safe Haven: Investigating Social-Support Figures as Prepared Safety Stimuli. Psychol Sci., 27, 1051-1060. PMID: 27324266.

Poulos, A. M., Mehta, N., Lu, B., Amir, D., Livingston, B., Santarelli. A., Zhuravka, I., & Fanselow, M. S. (2016) Conditioning- and time-dependent increases in context fear and generalization. Learning & Memory, 23, 379-85. PMC4918784

Ponnusamy, R., Zhuravka, I., Poulos, A.M., Shobe, J., Merjanian, M., Huang, J.,Wolvek, D., O’Neill, P.K., & Fanselow, M.S. (2016) Retrieval and Reconsolidation Accounts of Fear Extinction. Front Behav Neurosci., 10:89. doi: 0.3389/fnbeh.2016.00089. eCollection PMC4860411.

Hersman S., Rodriguez Barrera, V., & Fanselow, M., S. (2016) Assigning Function to Adult-Born Neurons: A Theoretical Framework for Characterizing Neural Manipulation of Learning. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 9: article182. eCollection. PMC4700131

Fast, C. D., Flesher, M. M., Nocera, N. A., Fanselow, M. S., & Blaisdell, A. P. Learning history and cholinergic modulation in the dorsal hippocampus are necessary for rats to infer the status of a hidden event. Hippocampus. 2015 Dec 24. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22564. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26703089

Perusini, J. N., Meyer, E.M., Long, V.A., Rau, V., Nocera, N., Avershal, J., Maksymetz, J., Spigelman, I., & Fanselow, M.S. (2016) Induction and Expression of Fear Sensitization Caused by Acute Traumatic Stress. Neuropsychopharmacology, 41, 45-57, PMC4677128.


Fanselow M. S. (2015) Classical Conditioning. Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology, J. Trefil (Ed). Vol. 1. P 184-189. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan.

Poulos, A. M., Zhuravka, I., Long, V., Gannam, C., and Fanselow, M. S. (2015) Sensitization of Fear Learning to Mild Unconditional Stimuli in Male and Female Rats, Behavioral Neuroscience, 129, 62-67. PMC3264758

Ago, Y., Condro, M. C., Tan, Y. V., Ghiani, C. A., Colwell, C.S., Cushman, J. D., Fanselow, M. S., Hashimoto, H., Waschek, J.A. (2015) Reductions in synaptic proteins and selective alteration of prepulse inhibition in male C57BL/6 mice after postnatal administration of a VIP receptor (VIPR2) agonist. Psychopharmacology, 232, 2181-2189. PMC4433594

Perusini, J.N. & Fanselow, M. S. (2015) Neurobehavioral perspectives on the distinction between fear and anxiety. Learning & Memory, 22, 417-425. PMC4561408

Krasne, F.B., Cushman, J. D., Fanselow, M. S. A Bayesian context fear learning algorithm/automaton. (2015) Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 1-22. PMC4445248

Fanselow, M. S., Wassum, K. M. (2015) The Origins and Organization of Vertebrate Pavlovian Conditioning. In E. R. Kandel, Y. Dudai, & M. R. Mayford (eds.) Perspectives in Biology: Learning and Memory, pp 83-109. Cold Spring Harbor: New York.


Kesner, R.P., Xu, H., Sommer, T.,Wright, C., Barrera, V.R., Fanselow, M. S. (2014) The role of postnatal neurogenesis in supporting remote memory and spatial metric processing. Hippocampus, 24, 1663-1671. PMID: 25112894

Fanselow, M. S. & Sterlace, S. R. (2014) Pavlovian fear conditioning: Function, cause, treatment. In F. K. McSweeney & E. S. Murphy (eds.), The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning. Pp 117-141. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.

Jaffe, A., Pham, A. Z., Tarash, I., Getty, S. S., Fanselow, M. S., and Jentsch, J. D. (2014) The Absence of blocking in nicotine high-responders as a possible factor in the development of nicotine dependence? The Open Addiction Journal, 7, 8-16.

Clemenson, G. D., Lee, S. W., Deng, W., Barrera, V. R., Iwamoto, K., Fanselow, M. S., and Gage, F. H. (2014) Enrichment rescues contextual discrimination deficit associated with immediate shock. Hippocampus, 25, 385-392. PMC4398310

Zelikowsky, M., Hersman, S., Chawla, M. K., Barnes, C. A., Fanselow, M. S. (2014) Neuronal ensembles in amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex track differential components of contextual fear. J. Neurosci., 34, 8462-8466. PMC4061389.

Cushman JD, Moore MD, Olsen RW, Fanselow MS. (2014) The Role of the δ GABA(A) Receptor in Ovarian Cycle-Linked Changes in Hippocampus-Dependent Learning and Memory. Neurochem Res., 39, 1140-1146 PMID: 24667980

Fanselow, M. S., Zelikowsky, M., Perusini, J., Barrera, V. R., Hersman, S. (2014) Isomorphisms between psychological processes and neural mechanisms: From stimulus elements to genetic markers of activity. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 108, 5–13, PMC394616.

Poulos, A. M., Reger, M., Mehta, N., Zhuravka, I., Sterlace, S.S., Gannam, C., Hovda, D.A., Giza, C.C., Fanselow, M.S. (2014) Amnesia for Early Life Stress Does Not Preclude the Adult Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Rats. Biological Psychiatry, 76, 306-314. PMC3984614.


Zelikowsky, M., Bissiere, S., Hast, T. A., Bennett, R. Z., Abdipranoto, A., Vissel, B., & Fanselow, M. S. (2013) Prefrontal microcircuit underlies contextual learning after hippocampal loss. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 110, 9938-9943 PMC3683762

Labus, J.S., Hubbard, C.S., Bueller, J., Ebrat, B., Tillisch, K., Chen, M., Stains, J., Dukes, G.E., Kelleher, D.L., Naliboff, B.D., Fanselow, M., & Mayer, E.A. (2013) Impaired Emotional Learning and Involvement of the Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Signaling System in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Gastroenterology, 145, 1253-1261. PMC4069031.

Fanselow, M. S. (2013) Fear and anxiety take a double hit from vagal nerve stimulation. Biol. Psychiatry, 73, 1043-1044. PMC4176918

Godsil, B. P. & Fanselow, M. S. (2013) Motivation. In A. F. Healy & R. W. Proctor, Handbook of Psychology, Volume 4: Experimental Psychology, 2nd edition, pp 32-60. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ.

Meyer, E. M., Long, V., Fanselow, M. S., & Spigelman I. (2013) Stress Increases Voluntary Alcohol Intake, but Does not Alter Established Drinking Habits in a Rat Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Alcohol Clin Exp Res., 37, 566-574. PMC3567303

Zelikowsky, M., Hast, T. A., Bennett, R. Z., Merjanian, M., Nocera, N. A., Ponnusamy, R., & Fanselow, M. S. (2013) Cholinergic Blockade Frees Fear Extinction from Its Contextual Dependency. Biol. Psychiatry, 73, 345-352. PMC3525775


Cushman JD, Fanselow, M.S. (2012) Context Fear Learning. In: Seel NM (ed) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer Science and Business, Media LLC, pp 274.

Gdalyahu, A., Tring, E., Polack, P., Gruver, R., Golshani, P., Fanselow, M. S., Silva, & Trachtenberg, J. T. (2012) Associative Fear Learning Enhances Sparse Network Coding in Primary Sensory Cortex. Neuron, 75, 121-132. PMC3398404

Halladay, L. R., Zelikowsky, M., Blair, H.T., & Fanselow, M.S. (2012) Reinstatement of extinguished fear by an unextinguished conditional stimulus. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 6:18. PMC3343277

Zelikowsky, M., Bissiere, S., & Fanselow, M. S. (2012) Contextual fear memories formed in the absence of the dorsal hippocampus decay across time. Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 3393-3397. PMC3306617

Nakashiba, T., Cushman, J. D., Pelkey, K.A., Renaudineau, S., Buhl, D. L., McHugh, T. J., Barrera, V. R., Chittajallu, R., Iwamoto, K. S., McBain, C. J., Fanselow, M. S., & Tonegawa, S. (2012) Young Dentate Granule Cells Mediate Pattern Separation, whereas Old Granule Cells Facilitate Pattern Completion. Cell, 149, 188-201. PMC3319279

Cushman, J.D., Maldonado, J., Kwon, E.E., Garcia, A.D., Fan, G., Imura, T., Sofroniew, M.V., Fanselow, M. S. (2012) Juvenile neurogenesis makes essential contributions to adult brain structure and plays a sex-dependent role in fear memories. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 6, 1-17. PMC3270585

Reger, M. L., Poulos, A. M., Buen, F., Giza, C. C., Hovda, D. A., and Fanselow, M. S. (2012) Concussive Brain Injury Enhances Fear Learning and Excitatory Processes in the Amygdala. Biol. Psychiatry, 71, 335-343. PMC3264758

Eadie, B. D., Cushman, J., Kannangara, T. S., Fanselow, M. S., & Christie, B.R . (2012) NMDA receptor hypofunction in the dentate gyrus and impaired context discrimination in adult Fmr1 knockout mice. Hippocampus, 22, 241-254. PMID: 21049485

Long, V. A., & Fanselow, M. S. (2012) Stress enhanced fear learning in rats is resistant to the effects of immediate massed extinction. Stress, 15, 627-636. PMC4000451.

Zelikowsky, M., Pham, D., & Fanselow, M. S. (2012) Temporal factors control hippocampal contributions to fear renewal after extinction. Hippocampus,22, 1096-1106. PMC3164391


Zelikowsky, M & Fanselow, M. S. (2011) Conditional Analgesia, Negative Feedback, and Error Correction. In: T. R. Schachtman & S. S. Reilly (eds.), Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 305-320.

Werner, D. F, Swihart, A., Rau, V., Jia, F., Borghese, C. M., McCracken, M.L., Iyer, S., Fanselow, M.S., Oh, I., Sonner, J. M, Eger, E. I. 2nd, Harrison, N. L., Harris, R. A., Homanics, G. E. (2011) Inhaled anesthetic responses of recombinant receptors and knockin mice harboring α2(S270H/L277A) GABA(A) receptor subunits that are resistant to isoflurane. J. Pharmacol Exp Ther., 336,134-144. PMC3014300

Cushman, J. D., Moore, M. D., Jacobs, N. S., Olsen, R. W., & Fanselow M. S. (2011) Behavioral Pharmacogenetic Analysis on the Role of the α4 GABA(A) Receptor Subunit in the Ethanol-Mediated Impairment of Hippocampus-Dependent Contextual Learning. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 35, 1948-1959. PMC3207030

Rau, V., Oh, I., Liao, M., Bodarky, C., Fanselow, M. S., Homanics, G. E., Sonner, J. & M., Eger, E. I. 2nd. (2011) Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor {beta}3 Subunit Forebrain-Specific Knockout Mice Are Resistant to the Amnestic Effect of Isoflurane. Anesthesia & Anesthesiology, 113, 500-504. PMC4003562.

Long, V., Fujioka, W., Amir, D. & Fanselow, M. S. (2011) Pharmacological resistance of stress enhanced fear learning in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder. In, V. Kalinin (ed), Anxiety Disorders, InTech, pp 239-260.

Krasne, F. B, Fanselow, M. S., & Zelikowsky, M. (2011) Design of a neutrally plausible model of fear learning. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 5 (41), 1-23. PMC3145244

Bissiere, S., Zelikowsky, M., Ponnusamy, R., Jacobs, N. S., Blair, H. T. & Fanselow, M. S. (2011) Electrical Synapses Control Hippocampal Contributions to Fear Learning and Memory. Science, 331, 87-91. PMC4276370

McRoberts, J. A., Ennes, H. S., Marvizón, J. C., Fanselow, M. S., Mayer, E. A., Vissel B. (2011) Selective knockdown of NMDA receptors in primary afferent neurons decreases pain during phase 2 of the formalin test. Neuroscience, 172, 474-82. PMC3010451.


Cushman JD, Fanselow, M.S. (2010) Fear Conditioning. In: Koob GF, Le Moal, M., Thompson, R.F. (ed) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience. Oxford: Academic Press, pp 524-531.

Rau, V., Fanselow, M. S., & Eger, E. I. (2010) The Use of Anesthesia in an Animal Model of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In Sher, L. & Vilens, A. (eds.) Neurobiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder pp. 345-354. Nova: Hauppage, NY.

Haubensak, W., Kunwar, P., Cai, H. , Ciocchi, S., Wall, N., Ponnusamy, R., Biag, J., Dong, H, Deisseroth, K., Callaway, E., Fanselow, M., Luthi, A., & Anderson, D. (2010) Genetic dissection of an amygdala microcircuit that gates conditioned fear, Nature, 468, 270-276. PMC3597095.

Wiltgen, B. J., Royle, G. A., Gray, E. E., Abdipranoto, A., Thangthaeng, N., Jacobs, N., Saab, F., Tonegawa, S., Heinemann, S. F., O’Dell, T. J., Fanselow, M. S., & Vissel, B. (2010) A Role for Calcium-Permeable AMPA Receptors in Synaptic Plasticity and Learning. PLoS ONE 5(9): e12818. PMC2947514

Cibelli, M., Fidalgo, A. R., Terrando, N., Ma, D., Monaco, C., Feldmann, M., Takata, M., Lever1, I. J., Nanchahal, J., Fanselow, M. S., & Maze, M., (2010) Role of Interleukin-1b in Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction. Annals of Neurology, 68, 360-368. PMID: 20818791

Zelikowsky, M. & Fanselow, M. S. (2010) Opioid regulation of Pavlovian overshadowing in fear conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124, 510-519. PMC2921234.

Jacobs, N., Cushman, J. & Fanselow, M. S. (2010) The Accurate Measurement of Fear Memory in Pavlovian Conditioning: Resolving The Baseline Issue. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 190, 235-239. PMC2905525

Poulos, A. M., Ponnusamy, R., Dong, H. W., & Fanselow, M. S. (2010) Compensation in the neural circuitry of fear conditioning awakens learning circuits in the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 107, 14881-14886. PMC2930410

Ponomarev, I., Rau, V., Eger, E. I., Harris, R. A., & Fanselow, M. S. (2010) Amygdala Transcriptome and Cellular Mechanisms Underlying Stress-Enhanced Fear Learning in a Rat Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology, 35, 1402-1411. PMC3040562

Moore, M. D., Cushman, J., Chandra, D., Homanics, G .E., Olsen, R. W., & Fanselow, M. S. (2010) Trace and contextual fear conditioning is enhanced in mice lacking the alpha4 subunit of the GABA(A) receptor. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 93, 383-387. PMC3985603.

Fanselow, M. S. & Dong, H.-W. (2010) Are the Dorsal and Ventral Hippocampus Functionally Distinct Structures? Neuron, 65, 7-19. PMC2822727.

Fanselow, M. S. (2010) From contextual fear to a dynamic view of memory systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14, 7-15. PMC2818345.


Wiltgen, B. J., Godsil, B. P., Peng, Z., Saab, F., June, H. L., Linn, M. L., Cook, J. M., Houser, C. R., O’Dell, T. J., Homanics, G. E., Fanselow, M. S. (2009) The a1 Subunit of the GABA(A) Receptor Modulates Fear Learning and Plasticity in the Lateral Amygdala. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3 (37), 1-12. PMC2769557

Rau, V., Oh, I., Laster, M., Eger, E. I. 2nd, & Fanselow, M. S. (2009) Isoflurane suppresses stress-enhanced fear learning in a rodent model of post-traumatic stress disorder. Anesthesiology, 110, 487-495. PMC2803013

Rau, V., Iyer, S. V., Oh, I., Chandra, D., Harrison, N., Eger, E.I. 2nd, Fanselow, M.S., Homanics, G.E., Sonner, J. M. (2009) Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor Alpha 4 Subunit Knockout Mice Are Resistant to the Amnestic Effect of Isoflurane. Anesth Analg.,109. 1816-1822. PMC2895314

Rau, V., & Fanselow, M. S. (2009) Exposure to a stressor produces a long lasting enhancement of fear learning in rats. Stress, 12, 125-133. PMID: 18609302

Quinn, J. J., Wied, H. M., Liu, D., & Fanselow, M. S. (2009) Post-training excitotoxic lesions of the dorsal hippocampus attenuate generalization in auditory delay fear conditioning. European Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 1692-1700. PMID: 19419430

Poulos, A. M., Li, V., Sterlace, S. S., Tokushige, F., Ponnusamy, R., & Fanselow MS. (2009) Persistence of fear memory across time requires the basolateral amygdala complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 106:11737-11741 PMC2710655

Dong, H, W., Swanson, L. W., Chen, L., Fanselow, M. S., Toga, A. W. (2009) Genomic-anatomic evidence for distinct functional domains in hippocampal field CA1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.,106:11794-9. PMC2710698.

Bryant, C. D., Roberts, K. W., Culbertson, C. S., Le, A., Evans, C. J., Fanselow, M. S. (2009) Pavlovian conditioning of multiple opioid-like responses in mice. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 103,74-83. PMC3085957.


Quinn, J.J., Wied, H. M., Ma, Q.D., Tinsley, M. R., & Fanselow, M. S. (2008) Dorsal hippocampus involvement in delay fear conditioning depends upon the strength of the tone-footshock association. Hippocampus, 18, 640-54. PMID: 18306286.

Quinn, J.J., Ma, Q.D., Tinsley, M.R., Koch, C., & Fanselow, M.S. (2008) Inverse temporal contributions of the dorsal hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex to the expression of long-term fear memories. Learning & Memory, 15, 368-372. PMC3960031.

Matynia, A., Anagnostaras, S. G., Wiltgen, B. J., Lacuesta, M., Fanselow, M. S., Silva A. J. (2008) A high through-put reverse genetic screen identifies two genes involved in remote memor y in mice. PLoS ONE, 3(5), e2121. PMC2373872

Fanselow, M. S. & Ponnusamy, R. (2008) The use of conditioning tasks to model fear and anxiety. In R. J. Blanchard, D. C., Blanchard, G. Griebel & D. Nutt (eds.), Handbook of Anxiety and Fear. (pps. 29-48) Elsevier Press: Amsterdam.

Bryant, C. D., Zhang, N.N., Sokoloff, G., Fanselow, M. S., Ennes, H. S., Palmer, A. A., & McRoberts, J. A. (2008) Behavioral differences among C57BL/6 substrains: implications for transgenic and knockout studies. Journal of Neurogenetics, 22, 315-331. PMC3697827.


Sonner, J.M., Werner, D.F., Elsen, F.P., Xing, Y., Liao, M., Harris, R.A., Harrison, N.L., Fanselow, M.S., Eger, E.I. 2nd, & Homanics, G.E. (2007) Effect of Isoflurane and Other Potent Inhaled Anesthetics on Minimum Alveolar Concentration, Learning, and the Righting Reflex in Mice Engineered to Express alpha1 gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptors Unresponsive to Isoflurane. Anesthesiology, 106, 107-113.

Rau, V. & Fanselow, M. S. (2007) Neurobiological and neuroethological perspectives on fear and anxiety. In L. J. Kirmayer, R. Lemelson, & M. Barad, Understanding Trauma: Integrating biological, clinical, and cultural perspectives (pp. 27-40). Cambridge University Press: New York.

Ponnusamy, R.P., Poulos, A. M., and Fanselow, M.S. (2007) Amygdala-dependent and amygdala-independent pathways for contextual fear conditioning. Neuroscience, 147, 919-927. PMC2045072

McHugh, T. J., Jones, M. W., Quinn, J. J., Balthasar, N., Coppari, R., Elmquist, J. K., Lowell, B. B., Fanselow, M. S., Wilson, M. A., and Tonegawa. S. (2007) Dentate Gyrus NMDA Receptors Mediate Rapid Pattern Separation in the Hippocampal Network. Science, 317, 94-99. PMID: 17556551

Hunt, P. S., Fanselow, M. S., Richardson, R., Mauk, M.D., Freeman, J.H. Jr, Stanton, M. E. (2007) Synapses, circuits, and the ontogeny of learning. Developmental Psychobiology, 49, 649-663.

Fanselow, M. S. & Ponnusamy, R. (2007) Amygdala. In, Encyclopedia of Stress, second edition, editor in chief: George Fink. Academic Press, Oxford.

Fanselow, M. S. (2007) Multiple brain regions contribute to the acquisition of Pavlovian fear. Developmental Psychobiology, 49, 650-653.

Fanselow, M. S. (2007) Context: What’s so special about it? In: H. L. Roedigger III, Y. Dudai, S. M. Fitzpatrick, Science of Memory: Concepts (pp. 101-105). Oxford University Press: Oxford.

De Oca, B. M., Minor, T.R., Fanselow, M. S. (2007) Brief flight to a familiar enclosure in response to a conditional stimulus in rats. Journal of General Psychology, 134, 153-172. PMID: 17503692


Wiltgen, B. J., Sanders, M. J., Anagnostaras, S. G., Sage, J. R., & Fanselow, M. S. (2006) Context fear learning in the absence of the hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 5484-5491. PMID: 16707800

Sanders, M.J., & Fanselow, M.S. (2006). Behavioral neuroscience of Pavlovian fear conditioning. In M.J. Anderson (Ed.), Tasks and techniques: A sampling of the methodologies for the investigation of animal learning, behavior and cognition. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Quinn, J. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (2006) Defenses and memories: Functional neural circuitry of fear and conditional responding. In: M. G. Craske, D. Vansteenwegen & D. Hermans, Fear and Learning: From basic processes to clinical implications (pp. 55-74). American Psychological Association: Washington, D. C.

Landeira-Fernandez, J., Decola, J. P., Kim,  J. J., Fanselow,  M. S. (2006) Immediate shock deficit in fear conditioning: effects of shock manipulations. Behavioral Neuroscience,  120, 873-879. PMID: 16893293

Bryant, C.D., Roberts, K. W., Byun, J.S., Fanselow, M.S., & Evans, C.J.(2006) Morphine analgesic tolerance in 129P3/J and 129S6/SvEv mice. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 85, 769-779.

Bryant, C. D., Eitan, S., Sinchak, K., Fanselow, M. S., Evans,  C. J. (2006) NMDA receptor antagonism disrupts the development of morphine analgesic tolerance in male, but not female C57BL/6J mice. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 291, R315-R326

Blaeser, F, Sanders, M. J., Truong, N., Ko, S., Wu, L. J., Wozniak, D. F., Fanselow, M. S., Zhuo, M., Chatila, T.A. (2006) Long-term memory deficits in Pavlovian fear conditioning in Ca2+/calmodulin kinase kinase alpha-deficient mice. Molecular & Cellular Biology, 23, 9105-9115. PMC1636841


Wiltgen, B. J., Sanders, M. J., Ferguson, C., Homanics, G. E., & Fanselow, M.S. (2005) Trace fear conditioning is enhanced in mice lacking the d subunit of the GABAA receptor. Learning & Memory, 12, 327-333. PMC1142462

Tinsley, M. R & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Fear. In I. Q. Whishaw, Ian Q. & B. Kolb (eds.).  The behavior of the laboratory rat: A handbook with tests (pp. 410-421). London, Oxford University Press.

Sonner, J.M., Xing, Y., Zhang, Y., Maurer, A., Fanselow, M.S., Dutton, R.C., Eger, E.I. 2nd. (2005) Administration of epinephrine does not increase learning of fear to tone in rats anesthetized with isoflurane or desflurane. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 100,1333-1337.

Sonner, J. M., Vissel, B., Royle, G., Maurer, A., Gong, D., Baron, N. V., Harrison, N., Fanselow, M. S., & Eger, E. I. The effect of three inhaled anesthetics in mice harboring mutations in the GluR6 (kainate) receptor gene. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 101, 143-148.

Sonner, J.M., Cascio, M., Xing, Y., Fanselow, M.S., Kralic, J.E., Morrow, A.L., Korpi, E.R., Hardy, S., Sloat, B., Eger, E.I. 2nd, & Homanics, G.E. (2005) Alpha 1 subunit-containing GABA type A receptors in forebrain contribute to the effect of inhaled anesthetics on conditioned fear. Molecular Pharmacology, 68, 61-8.

Schwetz , I., McRoberts, J.A., Coutinho, S.V., Bradesi, S., Gale, G., Fanselow, M., Million, M., Ohning, G., Tache, Y., Plotsky, P.M., & Mayer, E.A. (2005) Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 mediates acute and delayed stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia in maternally separated Long-Evans rats. American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal & Liver Physiology, 289, 704-12. PMID: 15994424

Sanders, M. J., Kieffer, B.L., & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Deletion of the mu opioid receptor results in impaired acquisition of Pavlovian context fear. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 84, 33-41. PMID: 15936681

Rau, V., Decola, J.P., & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Stress-induced enhancement of fear learning: An animal model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews,  29, 1207-1223. PMID: 16095698

Quinn, J.J., Loya, F., Ma, Q.D., & Fanselow, M.S. (2005) Dorsal hippocampus NMDA receptors differentially mediate trace and contextual fear conditioning. Hippocampus, 15, 665-667. PMID: 15959918

Godsil, B. P., Stefanaci, L. S., & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Bright light suppresses hyperactivity induced by excitotoxic dorsal hippocampus lesions in the rat. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 1339-1352. PMID: 16300440

Godsil, B. P., Blackmore, M.A., & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Modulation of an activity response with associative and nonassociative fear in the rat: a lighting differential influences the form of defensive behavior evoked after fear conditioning. Learning & Behavior,  33, 454-63. PMID: 16573216

Fendt, M., Fanselow, M. S., & Koch, M. (2005) Lesions of the dorsal hippocampus block trace fear conditioned potentiation of startle. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 834-848.

Fanselow, M. S. & Poulos, A. M. (2005) The Neuroscience of Mammalian Associative Learning. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 207-234. PMID: 15709934

De Oca, B. M. & Fanselow, M. S. (2005) Amygdala and periaqueductal gray lesions only partially attenuate unconditional defensive responses in rats to a cat. Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science, 39, 318-333. PMID: 16295774

Chowdhury, N., Quinn, J. J., & Fanselow, M.S. (2005) Dorsal hippocampus involvement in trace fear conditioning with long, but not short, trace intervals in mice. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 1396-1402. PMID: 16300446

Bradesi, S., Schwetz, I., Ennes, H.S., Lamy, C.M., Ohning, G., Fanselow, M., Pothoulakis, C., McRoberts, J.A., & Mayer, E.A. (2005) Repeated exposure to water avoidance stress in rats: a new model for sustained visceral hyperalgesia. American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal & Liver Physiology, 289, 42-53.


Godsil, B. P. & Fanselow, M. S. (2004) Light stimulus change evokes an activity response in the rat. Learning & Behavior, 32, 299-310. PMID: 15672825

Tinsley, M. R., Quinn, J. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (2004) The role of muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic neurotransmission in aversive conditioning: comparing Pavlovian fear conditioning and inhibitory avoidance. Learning & Memory, 11, 35-42. PMID: 14747515

Stote, D. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (2004) NMDA receptor modulation of incidental learning in Pavlovian context conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118, 253-257. PMID: 14979804

Gale, G. D., Anagnostaras, S. G., Godsil, B. P., Mitchell, S., Nozawa, T., Sage, J. R., Wiltgen, B., & Fanselow, M. S. (2004) Role of the basolateral amygdala in the storage of fear memories across the adult lifetime of rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 3810-3815. PMID: 15084662


Wiltgen, B. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) A model of hippocampal-cortical-amygdala interactions based on contextual fear conditioning. In K. J. Jeffries, The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 83-103.

Sanders, M. J., Wiltgen, B. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) The place of the hippocampus in fear conditioning European Journal of Pharmacology, 463, 217-223. PMID: 12600712

Sanders, M. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) Pre-training prevents context fear conditioning deficits produced by hippocampal NMDA receptor blockade. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 80,123-129. PMID: 12932427

Meffert, M. K., Chang, J. M., Wiltgen, B. J., Fanselow, M. S., & Baltimore, D. (2003) NF-B functions in synaptic signaling and behavior. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 1072-1078. PMID: 12947408

Mayer, E. A. & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) Dissecting the components of the central response to stress. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 1011-1012.

Han, C. J., O’Tuathaigh, C. M., van Trigt, L., Quinn, J. J., Fanselow, M.S., Mongeau, R., Koch, C., & Anderson, D. J. (2003) Trace but not delay fear conditioning requires attention and the anterior cingulate cortex Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA., 100, 13087-13092. PMC240749

Gonzalez, F. Quinn, J.J., & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) Differential Effects of Adding and removing Components of a Context on the Generalization of Conditional Freezing. (2003) Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 29, 78-83. PMID: 12561135

Godsil, B. P., Tinsley, M. R., & Fanselow, M. S. (2003) Motivation. In A. F. Healy & R. W. Proctor (eds.) Handbook of Psychology: Volume 4: Experimental Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, pp. 33-60.

Fanselow, M. S., & Gale, G. D., (2003) The amygdala, fear and memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 985, 125-134. PMID: 12724154

Eger, E. I. II, Xing, Y., Pearce, R., Shafer, S., Laster, M. J., Zhang, Y. , Fanselow, M. S., & Sonner, J. M. (2003) Isoflurane antagonizes the capacity of flurothyl or 1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane to impair fear conditioning to context and tone. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 96, 1010-1018.


Quinn J. J., Oommen, S. S., Morrison, G. E. & Fanselow, M. S. (2002) Post-training excitotoxic lesions of the dorsal hippocampus attenuate forward trace, backward trace, and delay fear conditioning in a temporally specific manner. Hippocampus, 12, 495-504. PMID: 12201634

Dutton, R. C., Maurer, A.J., Sonner, J.M., Fanselow,M. S., Laster, M. J., & Eger E. I. 2nd (2002)Short-term memory resists the depressant effect of the nonimmobilizer 1-2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane (2N) more than long-term memory. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 94, 631-639.

Dutton, R. C., Maurer, A.J., Sonner, J.M., Fanselow,M. S., Laster, M. J., & Eger E. I. 2nd (2002) Isoflurane causes anterograde but not retrograde amnesia for Pavlovian fear conditioning. Anesthesiology. 96, 1223-1229.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Gale, G. D., & Fanselow, M. S. (2002) The Hippocampus and Pavlovian Fear Conditioning: Reply to Bast et al. Hippocampus, 12, 561-565. PMID: 12201641


Wiltgen, B. J., Sanders, M. J., Behne, N. S., & Fanselow, M. S. (2001) Sex differences, Context preexposure, and the immediate shock deficit in Pavlovian context conditioning with mice. Behavioral Neuroscience, 115, 26-32.

Petrie, J., Sapp, D. W., Tyndale, R. F., Park, M.K., Fanselow, M. S., & Olsen, R. W.  (2001) Altered GABA(A) receptor subunit and splice variant  expression in rats treated with chronic intermittent ethanol. Alcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research, 25, 819-828.

Gale, G. D., Anagnostaras, S. G., & Fanselow, M. S. (2001) Cholinergic modulation of Pavlovian fear conditioning: Effects of intrahippocampal scopolamine infusion. Hippocampus, 11, 371-376.

Fanselow, M. S. (2001) Toward a neurobiology of functional behavior systems: Contrasting Pavlovian emotional and motor learning. In J. E. Steinmetz, & M. A. Gluck, eds, Model systems and the neurobiology of associative learning: A festschrift in honor of Richard F. Thompson. Erlbaum., Mahwah, NJ. pp. 379-393.

Dutton, R. C., Maurer, A. J., Sonner, J. M., Fanselow, M. S., Laster, M. J., & Eger, E. I. 2nd (2001) The concentration of isoflurane required to suppress learning depends on the type of learning. Anesthesiology, 94, 514-519.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Gale, G. D., & Fanselow, M. S. (2001) Hippocampus and contextual fear conditioning: Recent controversies and advances. Hippocampus, 11, 8-17


Godsil, B. P., Quinn, J. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (2000) Body temperature as a conditional response measure for Pavlovian fear conditioning. Learning & Memory, 7, 353-356.

Fanselow, M. S., & Gale, G. D. (2000) Amygdala. In G. Fink (ed.), Encyclopedia of Stress, 1, 178-182. San Diego: Academic Press.

Fanselow, M. S. (2000) Contextual fear, gestalt memories, and the hippocampus. Behavioural Brain Research, 110, 73-81.


Mihalek, R. M., Banerjee, P. K., Korpi, E. R., Quinlan, J. J., Firestone, L. L., Mi, Z.-P., Lagenaur, C., Tretter, V., Sieghart, W., Anagnostaras, S. G., Sage, J. R., Fanselow, M. S., Guidotti, A., Spigelman, I., Li, Z., DeLorey, T. M., Olsen, R. W., Homanics, G. E. (1999) Attenuated sensitivity to neuroactive steroids in gamma -aminobutyrate type A receptor delta subunit knockout mice Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA., 96, 12905-12910.

Li, H.H., Yu, W. H., Zhao, H.Z., Rozengurt, N., Anagnostaras, S., Fanselow, M., Gomez-Pinilla, F., Suzuki, K., Vanier, M., Neufeld, E.F. (1999) A mouse model for Sanfilippo syndrome type B, a heritable neurological disorder Journal Of Neurochemistry, 73: S23-S23 Suppl.

Li, H. H., Yu, W.-H., Rozengurt, N., Zhao, H.-Z., Lyons, K. M., Anagnostaras, S., Fanselow, M. S., Suzuki, K., Vanier, M. T., Neufeld, E. F. (1999) Mouse model of Sanfilippo syndrome type B produced by targeted disruption of the gene encoding alpha -N-acetylglucosaminidase Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA., 96, 14505-14510.

Fendt, M. & Fanselow, M. S. (1999) The neuroanatomical and neurochemical basis of conditioned fear. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 23, 743-760.

Fanselow, M. S. & LeDoux, J. E. (1999) Why We Think Plasticity Underlying Pavlovian Fear Conditioning Occurs in the Basolateral Amygdala. Neuron, 23, 229-232.

Fanselow, M. S. (1999) Phobias are an innate defensive mechanism. In R. L. Atkinson, R. C. Atkinson, E. E. Smith, D. J. Bem, & S. Nolen-Hoeksema Hilgard’s Introduction to Psychology, 13th edition. Fort Worth: Harcourt College Publishers, p263.

Fanselow, M. S. (1999) Learning theory and neuropsychology: Configuring their disparate elements in the hippocampus. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal & Behavior Processes, 25, 275-283.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., Sage, J. R., Goodrich, S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1999) Scopolamine and Pavlovian Fear Conditioning in Rats: Dose-Effect Analysis. Neuropsychopharmacology, 21, 731-744.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., & Fanselow, M. S. (1999) Temporally Graded Retrograde Amnesia of Contextual Fear after Hippocampal Damage in Rats: Within-Subjects Examination. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 1106-1114.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Craske, M. G., & Fanselow, M. S. (1999) Anxiety: at the intersection of genes and experience. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 780-782.


Mongeau, R. De Oca, B. M., Fanselow, M. S., & Marsden, C. A. (1998) Differential effects of neurokinin-1 receptor activation in subregions of the periaqueductal gray on conditional and unconditional fear behaviors in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 112, 1125-1135.

Rosen, J. B., Fanselow, M. S., Young, S. L., Sitcoske, M., & Maren, S. (1998) Immediate-early gene expression in the amygdala following footshock stress and contextual fear conditioning. Brain Research, 796,132-142.

Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1998) Appetitive motivational states differ in their ability to augment aversive fear conditioning in rats (rattus norvegicus). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 24, 369-373.

Maren, S., Anagnostaras, S. G. & Fanselow, M. S. (1998) The startled seahorse: Is the hippocampus necessary for contextual fear conditioning? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2, 39-42.

Knowlton, B. & Fanselow, M. S. (1998) The hippocampus, consolidation, and on-line memory. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 8, 293-296.

Hudson, R. E., Bachevalier, J., Doupe, A., J., Fanselow, M. S., Kuhl, P. K., Menzel, R., Morris, R. G. M., Rudy, J. W., & Squire, L. R. (1998) Group report: What does behavior tell us about the relationship between development and learning. In, T. J. Carew, R. Menzel, & C. J. Shatz (eds.) Mechanistic relationships between development and learning. New York: J. Wiley & Sons. Pp. 75-92.

Fanselow, M. S. & Rudy, J. W. (1998) Convergence of experimental and developmental approaches to animal learning and memory processes. In, T. J. Carew, R. Menzel, & C. J. Shatz (eds.) Mechanistic relationships between development and learning. New York: J. Wiley & Sons. Pp. 15-28.

Fanselow, M. S. & DeOca, B. M. (1998). Defensive Behaviors. In, G. Greenberg and M. Haraway (eds.) Comparative psychology: A handbook. New York: Garland Publishers. pp. 653-665.

Fanselow, M. S. (1998) Pavlovian conditioning, negative feedback, and blocking: Mechanisms that regulate association formation. Neuron, 20, 625-627.

DeOca, B. M., DeCola, J. P., Maren, S. M. & Fanselow, M. S. (1998) Distinct regions of the periaqueductal gray are involved in the acquisition and expression of defensive behaviors. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 3426-3432.

DeLorey, T. M., Handforth, A., Anagnostaras, S. G., Homanics, G. E., Minassian, B. A., Asatourian, A., Fanselow, M. S., Delgado-Escueta, A., Ellison, G. D., & Olsen, R. W. (1998) Mice Lacking the beta 3 Subunit of the GABAA Receptor Have the Epilepsy Phenotype and Many of the Behavioral Characteristics of Angelman Syndrome. Journal of Neuroscience,  18, 8505-8514.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., DeCola, J. P., Lane, N. I., Gale, G. D., Schlinger, B. A. & Fanselow, M. S. (1998) Testicular hormones do not regulate sexually dimorphic Pavlovian fear conditioning or perforant-path long-term potentiation in adult male rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 92, 1-9.


Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1997). Electrolytic lesions of the fimbria/fornix, dorsal hippocampus, or entorhinal cortex produce anterograde deficits in contextual fear conditioning in rats. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 67, 142-149.

Maren, S., Aharonov, G., & Fanselow, M. S. (1997). Neurotoxic lesions of the dorsal hippocampus and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 88, 261-274.

Kim, J. J., Shih, J. C., Chen, K., Chen, L., Bao, S., Maren, S., Anagnostaras, S. G., Fanselow, M. S., Maeyer, E. D., Seif, I., & Thompson, R. F. (1997) Selective enhancement of emotional, but not motor, learning in monoamine oxidase A-deficient mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 94, 5929-5933.

Fanselow, M. S. & Bouton, M. E. (1997) The life and influence of Robert C. Bolles. In M. E. Bouton & M. S. Fanselow (eds.), Learning, Motivation, and Cognition: The functional behaviorism of Robert C. Bolles. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. pp. 1-9.

Fanselow, M. S. (1997) Without LTP the learning circuit is broken. Behavioral Brain Sciences, 20, 616.

Fanselow, M. S. (1997) Species-specific defense reactions: Retrospect and prospect. In M. E. Bouton & M. S. Fanselow (eds.), Learning, Motivation, and Cognition: The functional behaviorism of Robert C. Bolles. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. pp. 321-341.

Bouton, M. E. & Fanselow, M. S. (1997) Learning, Motivation, and Cognition: The functional behaviorism of Robert C. Bolles. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.


Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1996). The amygdala and fear conditioning: Has the nut been cracked? Neuron,16, 237-240.

Maren, S. Aharonov, G., Stote, D. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (1996). N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptors in the basolateral amygdala are required for both acquisition and expression of conditional fear in rats the basolateral amygdala of rats: Behavioral Neuroscience, 110, 1365-1374.

Maren, S. Aharonov, G., & Fanselow, M. S. (1996). Retrograde abolition of conditional fear after excitotoxic lesions of the basolateral amygdala of rats: Absence of a temporal gradient. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110, 718-726.

Fanselow, M. S. (1996). Modality-specific memory of fear: Differential involvement of the amygdala and hippocampal formation in Pavlovian fear conditioning. In T. Ono, B. L. McNaughton, S. Molotchnikoff, E. T. Rolls, & H. Nishijo (eds.), Perception, memory and emotion: Frontiers in neuroscience. Oxford: Pergamon. pp. 499-512.

Bouton, M. E. & Fanselow, M. E. (1996). Robert C. Bolles (1928-1994). American Psychologist, 51, 733.


Young, S. L., Bohenek, D. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (1995) Scopolamine impairs acquisition and facilitates consolidation of fear conditioning: Differential effects for tone vs contextual conditioning. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 63, 174-180.

Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S., (1995) Synaptic plasticity in the basolateral amygdala induced by hippocampal formation stimulation in vivo. Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 7548-7564.

Landeira-Fernandez, J., Fanselow, M. S., DeCola, J. P., &  Kim, J. J. (1995) Effects of Handling and Context Preexposure on the Immediate Shock Deficit. Animal Learning & Behavior, 23,  335-339.

Fanselow, M. S., DeCola, J. P., De Oca, B., & Landeira-Fernandez, J. (1995) Ventral and dorsolateral regions of the midbrain periaqueductal gray control different stages of defensive behavior: Dorsolateral PAG lesions enhance the defensive freezing produced by massed and immediate shock. Aggressive Behavior, 21, 63-77.

DeCola, J. P. & Fanselow, M. S. (1995) Differential inflation with short and long CS-US Intervals: Evidence of a nonassociative process in long-delay taste avoidance. Animal Learning & Behavior, 23, 154-163.

Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S., (1995) Scopolamine selectively disrupts the acquisition of contextual fear conditioning in rats. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 64, 191-194.


Young, S. L., Bohenek, D. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (1994) NMDA processes mediate anterograde amnesia of contextual fear conditioning induced by hippocampal damage: Immunization against amnesia by contextual preexposure. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108, 19-29.

Woolf, N. J., Young, S. L., Johnston, G. V. W., & Fanselow, M. S., (1994). Pavlovian conditioning alters cortical microtubule-associated protein-2. Neuroreport, 5, 1045-1048.

Timberlake, W. & Fanselow, M. S. (1994) Symposium on behavior systems: Learning, neurophysiology, and development. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 403-404.

Maren, S., De Oca, B., & Fanselow, M. S. (1994) Sex differences in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats: positive correlation between LTP and contextual conditioning. Brain Research, 661, 25-34.

Maren, S., DeCola, J. P., Swain, R. A., Fanselow, M. S., & Thompson, R. F. (1994). Parallel augmentation of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), theta rhythm, and contextual fear conditioning in water-deprived rats. Behavioral Neuroscience,108, 44-56.

Maren, S., DeCola, J. P., & Fanselow, M. S. (1994) Water derivation enhances conditioning to contextual, but not discrete, conditional stimuli in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108, 645-649.

Fanselow, M. S., Landeira-Fernandez, J., DeCola, J. P., & Kim, J. J. (1994). The immediate shock deficit and postshock analgesia: Implications for the relationship between the analgesic CR and UR. Animal Learning & Behavior, 22, 72-76.

Fanselow. M. S., Kim, J. J., Yipp, J., & De Oca, B. (1994) Differential effects of an NMDA antagonist, APV, on acquisition of fear of auditory and contextual cues. Behavioral Neuroscience,108, 235-240.

Fanselow, M. S. & Kim, J. J. (1994) Acquisition of contextual Pavlovian fear conditioning is blocked by application of an NMDA receptor antagonist D,L-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid to the basolateral amygdala. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108, 210-212.

Fanselow, M. S., (1994) Neural organization of the defensive behavior system responsible for fear. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 429-438.


Landeira-Fernandez, J., Fanselow, M. S., DeCola, J. P., & Kim, J. J. (1993). Naltrexone does not disrupt acquisition or performance of inhibitory conditioning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 31, 591-594.

Kim, J. J., Rison, R. A., & Fanselow, M. S. (1993) Effects of amygdala, hippocampus and periaqueductal gray lesions on short- and long-term contextual fear. Behavioral Neuroscience,107, 1093-1098.

Helmstetter, F. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (1993) Aversively motivated changes in meal patterns of rats in a closed economy: The effects of shock density. Animal Learning & Behavior, 21, 168-175.

Fanselow, M. S., DeCola, J. P., & Young, S. L. (1993) Mechanisms responsible for reduced conditioning with massed unsignaled unconditional stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 19, 121-137.

Fanselow, M. S. Associations and memories: The role of NMDA receptors and long-term potentiation. (1993) Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2, 152-156.

Blass, E. M., Cramer, C. P., & Fanselow, M. S. (1993) The development of morphine-induced antinociception in neonatal rats: A comparison of forepaw, hindpaw, and tail retraction from a thermal stimulus. Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior, 44, 643-649.


Young, S. L. & Fanselow, M. S. (1992) Associative regulation of Pavlovian fear conditioning: US intensity, incentive shifts and latent inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 18, 400-413.

Lester, L. S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1992) Nocturnality as a defensive behavior in the rat: An analysis in terms of selective association between light and aversive stimulation. Psychological Record, 42, 221-253.

Kim, J. J., Fanselow, M. S., DeCola, J. P., & Landeira-Fernandez, J. (1992) Selective impairment of Long-term but not short-term conditional fear by the NMDA antagonist APV. Behavioral Neuroscience, 106, 591-596.

Kim, J. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (1992) Modality-specific retrograde amnesia of fear following hippocampal lesions. Science, 256, 675-677.

Fanselow, M. S. & Kim, J. J. (1992) The benzodiazepine inverse agonist DMCM as an unconditional stimulus for fear-induced analgesia: Implications for the role of GABAA receptors in fear related behavior. Behavioral Neuroscience, 106, 336-344.

Fanselow, M. S. (1992) Is there a functional role for vagally mediated pain inhibition? American Pain Society Journal, 1, 39-41.


McLaughlin, C. R., Dewey, W. L. & Fanselow, M. S. (1991) Short- and long-term factors in tolerance to morphine-induced antinociception: Single or multiple mechanisms. Psychobiology, 19, 217-222.

Lichtman, A. H. & Fanselow, M. S. (1991) Opioid and nonopioid conditional analgesia: The role of spinal opioid, noradrenergic, and serotonergic systems. Behavioral Neuroscience, 105, 687-698.

Kim, J. J., DeCola, J. P., Landeira-Fernandez, J. & Fanselow, M. S. (1991) N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antagonist APV blocks acquisition but not expression of fear conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 105, 160-167.

Fanselow, M. S., Kim, J. J., Young, S. L., Calcagnetti, D. C., DeCola,J. P., Helmstetter, F. J., & Landeira-Fernandez, J.  (1991) Differential Effects of Selective Opioid Peptide Antagonists on the Acquisition of Pavlovian Fear Conditioning. Peptides, 12, 1033-1037.

Fanselow, M. S., Helmstetter, F. J., & Calcagnetti, D. J. (1991) Parallels between the behavioral effects of Dimethoxy-ß-Carboline (DMCM) and conditional fear stimuli. L. Dachowski & C. F. Flaherty (eds.), Current Topics in Animal Learning: Brain, Emotion, and Cognition, Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum, pp. 187-206.

Fanselow, M. S. (1991) Analgesia as a response to aversive Pavlovian conditional stimuli: Cognitive and emotional mediators. In, M. Ray Denny (ed.). Fear, Avoidance, and Phobias: A fundamental analysis. Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum, pps. 61-86.

Fanselow, M. S. (1991)The Midbrain Periaqueductal Gray as a Coordinator of Action in Response to Fear and Anxiety. In A. Depaulis and R. Bandler (Eds.), The Midbrain Periaqueductal  Gray Matter: Functional, anatomical and immunohistochemical organization. Plenum Publishing Corp, New York (NATO ASI Series) pp.151-173.


McLaughlin, C. R., Lichtman, A. H., Fanselow, M. S., & Cramer, C. P. (1990) Tonic nociception in neonatal rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 36, 859-862.

Lichtman, A. H. & Fanselow, M. S. (1990) Cats produce analgesia in rats on the tail-flick test: Naltrexone sensitivity is determined by the nociceptive test stimulus. Brain Research, 533, 91-94.

Helmstetter, F. J. Calcagnetti, D. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (1990) The beta-carboline DMCM produces hypoalgesia after central administration. Psychobiology, 18, 293-297.

Fanselow, M. S. (1990) Factors governing one trial contextual conditioning. Animal Learning & Behavior, 18, 264-270.

Calcagnetti, D. J., Calcagnetti, R. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (1990) Centrally administered opioid antagonists, nor-binaltorphimine, 16-methyl cyprenorphine and MR2266, suppress intake of a sweet solution. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 35, 69-73.


McLaughlin, C. R., Lichtman, A. H., Fanselow, M. S., & Cramer, C. P. (1989) Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2 serves as a conditioned stimulus in the acquisition of conditioned tolerance. Behavioral Neuroscience, 103, 447-451.

Jalowiec, J. E., Calcagnetti, D. C., & Fanselow, M. S. (1989) Suppression of juvenile social behavior requires antagonism of central opioid receptors. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 33, 697-700.

Helmstetter, F. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (1989) Differential second-order aversive conditioning using contextual stimuli. Animal Learning & Behavior, 17, 205-212.

Fanselow, M. S., Calcagnetti, D. J. & Helmstetter, F. J. (1989) Delta opioid antagonist, 16-Me cyprenorphine, selectively attenuates conditional fear- and DPDPE- induced analgesia on the formalin test. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 32, 469-473.

Fanselow, M. S., Calcagnetti, D. J. & Helmstetter, F. J. (1989) Modulation of appetitively and aversively motivated behavior by the kappa (k) opioid antagonist MR2266. Behavioral Neuroscience,103, 663-672.

Fanselow, M. S., Calcagnetti, D. J. & Helmstetter, F. J. (1989) The Role of µ and k Opioid Receptors in Conditional-Fear Induced Analgesia: The Antagonistic Actions of Nor-Binaltorphimine and the Cyclic Somatostatin Octapeptide, Cys2Tyr3Orn5Pen7-Amide. Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, 250, 825-830.

Fanselow, M. S. (1989) The Adaptive Function of Conditioned Defensive Behavior: An Ecological Approach to Pavlovian Stimulus Substitution Theory. In R. J. Blanchard, P. F. Brain, D. C. Blanchard, & S. Parmigiani (eds.), Ethoexperimental Approaches to the study of Behavior, 151-166. NATO ASI Series D Vol 48. Boston: Kluver Academic Publishers.

Calcagnetti, D. J., Fanselow, M. S., Helmstetter, F. J., & Bowen, W. D. (1989) [D-Ala2, Leu5, Cys6] Enkephalin: Short term agonist effects and long term antagonism at delta opioid receptors. Peptides,10, 319-326.


Helmstetter, F. J. Calcagnetti, D. J., Cramer, C. P. & Fanselow, M. S. (1988) Ethylketocyclazocine and bremazocine produce analgesia in neonatal rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 30, 817-821.

Fanselow, M. S. & Tighe, T. J. (1988) Contextual conditioning with massed versus distributed unconditional stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 14, 187-199.

Fanselow, M. S., Lester, L. S. & Helmstetter, F. J. (1988) Changes in Feeding and Foraging Patterns as an Antipredator Defensive Strategy: A Laboratory Simulation using aversive stimulation in a Closed Economy.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 50, 361-374.

Fanselow, M.S. & Lester, L.S. (1988) A functional behavioristic approach to aversively motivated behavior: Predatory imminence as a determinant of the topography of defensive behavior. In R.C. Bolles & M.D. Beecher (eds.), Evolution and Learning.   Pp. 185-211.  Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum.

Fanselow, M. S. & Helmstetter, F. J. (1988) Conditional analgesia, defensive freezing and benzodiazepines. Behavioral Neuroscience, 102, 233-243.

Fanselow, M. S. & Cramer, C. P. (1988) The ontogeny of opiate tolerance and withdrawal in infant rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 31, 431-438.

Fanselow, M. S., Calcagnetti, D. J., Helmstetter, F. J. (1988) Peripheral versus intracerebroventricular administration of quaternary naltrexone and the enhancement of Pavlovian conditioning. Brain Research, 444, 147-152.

Calcagnetti, D. J., Helmstetter, F. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (1988) Analgesia produced by centrally administered DAGO, DPDPE and U50488H in the formalin test. European Journal of Pharmacology, 153, 117-122.


Supple, W. F., Leaton, R. N., & Fanselow, M. S. (1987) Effects of cerebellar vermal lesions on species-specific fear responses, neophobia, and taste-aversion learning. Physiology &  Behavior, 39, 579-586.

Helmstetter, F. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (1987) Effects of naltrexone on learning and performance of conditional fear-induced freezing and opioid analgesia. Physiology &  Behavior, 39, 501-505.

Helmstetter, F. J. & Fanselow, M. S. (1987) Strain differences in reversal of conditional analgesia by opioid antagonists. Behavioral Neuroscience, 101, 735-737.

Fanselow, M. S., Sigmundi, R. A., & Williams, J. (1987) Response selection and the hierarchical organization of species specific defense reactions: The relationship between freezing, flight and defensive burying. Psychological Record, 37, 381-386.

Fanselow, M. S. & Sigmundi, R. A. (1987) Functional behaviorism and aversively motivated behavior: A role for endogenous opioids in the defensive behavior of the rat. Psychological Record, 37, 317-334.

Calcagnetti, D. J., Helmstetter, F. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (1987) Central and peripheral injection of quaternary antagonist, SR58002C, reduces drinking. Physiology &  Behavior, 40, 573-575.

Calcagnetti, D. J., Helmstetter, F. J., & Fanselow, M. S. (1987) Quaternary naltrexone reveals the central mediation of conditional opioid analgesia. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 27, 529-531.


Lester, L. S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1986) Naloxone’s enhancement of freezing: Modulation of perceived intensity or memory processes? Physiological Psychology, 14, 5-10.

Fanselow, M. S. & Sigmundi, R. A. (1986) Species specific danger signals, endogenous opioid analgesia, and defensive behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 12,301-309.

Fanselow, M. S. (1986) Associative vs. topographical accounts of the immediate shock freezing deficit in rats: Implications for the response selection rules governing species specific defensive reactions. Learning & Motivation, 17,16-39.

Fanselow, M.S. (1986) Conditioned fear-induced opiate analgesia: A competing motivational state theory of stress-analgesia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 467,40-54.


Lester, L.S. & Fanselow, M.S. (1985) Exposure to a cat produces opioid analgesia in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 99, 756-759.

Fanselow, M.S. (1985) Odors released by stressed rats produce opioid analgesia in unstressed rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 99, 589-592.


Fanselow, M.S. (1984) Shock-induced analgesia on the Formalin Test: Effects of shock severity, naloxone, hypophysectomy, and associative variables. Behavioral Neuroscience, 98, 79-95.

Fanselow, M.S. (1984) What is conditioned Fear? Trends In Neurosciences, 7, 460-462.

Fanselow, M.S. (1984) Opiate modulation of both the active and inactive components of the postshock reaction: Parallels between naloxone pretreatment and shock intensity. Behavioral Neuroscience, 98, 269-277.


Fanselow, M.S. & Sigmundi, R.A. (1982) The enhancement and reduction of defensive fighting by naloxone pretreatment. Physiological Psychology, 10, 313-316.

Fanselow, M.S. & German, C. (1982) Explicitly unpaired delivery of morphine and test situation: Extinction and retardation of tolerance to the suppressing effects of morphine on locomotor activity. Behavioral & Neural Biology, 35, 231-241.

Fanselow, M.S. & Bolles, R.C. (1982) Independence and competition in aversive motivation. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 5, 320-323.

Fanselow, M.S. & Birk, J. (1982) Flavor-flavor associations induce hedonic shifts in taste preference. Animal Learning & Behavior, 10, 223-228.

Fanselow, M.S. & Baackes, M.P. (1982) Conditioned fear-induced opiate analgesia on the formalin test: Evidence for two aversive motivational systems. Learning & Motivation, 13, 200-221.

Fanselow, M.S. (1982) The post-shock activity burst. Animal Learning & Behavior, 10, 448-454.

Bolles, R.C. & Fanselow, M.S. (1982) Endorphins and Behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 33, 87-101.


Fanselow, M.S. (1981) Naloxone and Pavlovian fear conditioning. Learning & Motivation, 12, 398-419.


Fanselow, M.S., Sigmundi, R.A. & Bolles, R.C. (1980) Naloxone pretreatment enhances shock-elicited aggression. Physiological Psychology, 8, 369-371.

Fanselow, M.S. (1980) Extinction of contextual fear and preference for signal-shock. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 16, 458-460.

Fanselow, M.S. (1980) Conditional and unconditional components of post-shock freezing in rats. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Sciences, 15, 177-182.

Fanselow, M.S. (1980) Signaled shock-free periods and preference for signaled shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 6, 65-80.

Bolles, R.C. & Fanselow, M.S. (1980) A multilevel model of fear and pain. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 3, 315-323.

Bolles, R.C. & Fanselow, M.S. (1980) A perceptual-defensive-recuperative model of fear and pain. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 3, 291-301.


Fanselow, M.S. & Bolles, R.C. (1979) Naloxone and shock elicited freezing in the rat. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 93, 736-744.

Fanselow, M.S. & Bolles, R.C. (1979) Triggering of the endorphin analgesic reaction by a cue previously associated with shock: Reversal by naloxone. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 14, 88-90.

Fanselow, M.S. (1979) Naloxone attenuates rats’ preference for signaled shock. Physiological Psychology, 7, 70-74.